Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) was founded in1936 by Gugliemo Marconi, and the mission of the institute was “promoting, executing and coordinating studies research on geophysical phenomena and their applications”. Originally named as Istituto Nazionaledi Geofisica (ING), through more than 70 years of activity, ING has been pursuing that aim both providing important contributions to basic geophysics and accomplishing duties to the community. In 2000 ING was merged to other Italian scientific institutions dealing with volcanic, seismic and geochemistry research and monitoring. The new Institute, named Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), is a government institution, under the supervision of the Ministry of Education, University and Research, that, with more than 1000 people employed, is one of the most important scientific institution in Europe devoted to studies in geophysics, and in seismic and volcanic hazards.