Multi-parametric detection of Mid-Latitude disturbances induced by geomagnetic storm

Multi-points multi-parametric observations of the disturbances induced at mid-latitude by weak to moderate geomagnetic storms (Cesaroni et al., 2017). L band, HF and Optical data provides a valuable way to characterize the the dynamical features of the storm indiced ionospheric anomalies (LSTIDs, poleward movement of the crest of the EIA).

  

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Multi parametric observation of the ionospheric disturbances over Mediterreanen area during the November 2012 Gomagnetic Storm. (upper rleft panel) TEC as a function of gegraphic latitude and time, (upper right panel) Maximum Electron density of F2 layer as a function of time, (lower left panel) Airglox intensity  (lower right) GNSS receivers (green dots), Ionosondes (blue dots) and Alla Sky Imager (red dot) with the correnspodinng field of view (red circle).

  

Reference: Cesaroni, C., Alfonsi, L., Pezzopane, M., Martinis, C., Baumgardner, J., Wroten, J., ... & Umbriaco, G. (2017). The First Use of Coordinated Ionospheric Radio and Optical Observations Over Italy: Convergence of High‐and Low‐Latitude Storm‐Induced Effects. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 122(11), 11-794.